The Process of Endodontics
Endo is a Greek word referring to inside while odont refers to the tooth, therefore endodontics is the dental speciality concerned with the study and treatment of the dental pulp. It can also be defined to be the branch of dentistry that involves the study of the morphology,physiology and pathology of the human tooth and in particular the dental pulp root and peri-radicular tissues.
Endodontics treatment which is also known as root canal treatment is usually administered when the pulp develops an infection. How then will a patient know they require endodontics treatment? There are particular signs that indicate that one requires treatment:
1. Pain – This could be as a result of usually tooth decay or maybe an infection. The pain could lessen or increase whenever you try out any activity for example standing or bending.
2. Swollen gums – Not all patients experience swelling though when it does one feels like the tooth has elongated and usually you feel like it is taller than the rest.
3. Frequency – The above two factors may be range from transient to very persistent and recurring.
4. Recurring dental procedures on a particular tooth can also lead to this treatment.
What procedure is used to administer treatment?
The first step usually involves the patient being given local anaesthesia to deaden the tooth that is supposed to receive treatment and the tissues around. The next phase will involve the placement of a dental dam on the affected tooth and the neighbouring teeth, usually there is a hole in the dental dam through which the tooth will protrude separating it from the rest.
The endodontist’s main aim is to treat the whole length of the tooth’s space and will not go beyond this He will therefore measure the length of the tooth to ensure he does not go beyond.
The fourth stage involves drilling of a hole on the upper part of an affected back tooth that gives way to the pulp cavity and the root canals for the therapy to take place. The endodontist will then remove the infected pulp tissue using specific equipment used for this procedure. After the removal the area is cleaned using some antibacterial solutions and also antiseptic. The canals are then molded with flexible equipment so that they are able to receive the fillings.
They are then cleansed again to remove the debris in the root canals. The root canal fillings and sealers are then selected that are supposed to exactly fit in the new canals. The fifth stage involves a permanent or temporary filling material being placed to block the hole that was created for the canal treatment. If the tooth lacks sufficient arrangement that is supposed to hold the fillings, the endodontist may place a metal appliance to be able to retain the fillings. After this process the endodontist may prescribe an antibiotic for treatment purpose or infection prevention.
The final step is a permanent crown that is able to replace the lost tooth structure and to create a complete cover for the tooth.
For more info on Endodontics
Contact us below