Wisdom tooth extraction entails a surgical procedure where an Oral surgeon or dentist removes a problematic wisdom tooth. Wisdom teeth usually grow during the late teens to age 24. Since the other 28 teeth are already in place, there is little room left for their proper growth. Problems that may affect
Wisdom teeth removal
Repeated abscesses or gum infection around the tooth A Tooth decay A Cysts (fluid filled sacs) developing around the wisdom tooth.
The procedure used in the extraction of the wisdom tooth depends on its position and how deep it has penetrated the gums. Before the procedure, an aesthetic injection is administered to numb the region around the tooth. The upper wisdom teeth are easily extracted like the molars. The lower ones are more difficult to extract and may require a cut through the gums to remove the tissues around the tooth. The oral surgeon will then stitch up the wound after removal of the tooth.
Immediately After the Wisdom Tooth Extraction:
- Control mouth activities until the anaesthetic’s effect has worn off.
- Do not remove the gauze pad placed over the surgical area. Bite on it to ensure it remains in place for around thirty minutes unless the bleeding is uncontrollable.
- Place ice packs on the facial side of the tooth extraction. A Take prescribed pain medication before the effect of the anaesthesia has worn off.
- Treatment of Problems Associated with Wisdom tooth Extraction
- Swelling around the eyes, cheeks and the face is common after tooth extraction. This is a normal body reaction to surgery and it lasts for two to three days. The swelling is minimized by placing ice bags on the side of the face where surgery was performed.
- Slight bleeding and redness in saliva is common after tooth extraction. However, bleeding may be controlled by biting firmly on the gauze for thirty minutes or rinsing off any blood clots in the mouth. Minimize activities and sit upright to minimize bleeding. If it does not subside, seek medical attention.
- Vomiting and Nausea
- If you feel nauseated or vomit after the surgery, do not take anything including medication for at least an hour. You can the sip slowly on tea, coke, or ginger. Take medication or solid foods after the nausea has subsided.
If the dentist prescribed some anti biotic, take them according to the instructions as t hey help in preventing infection on the wound.
On the second and third day after Wisdom, tooth Extraction.
- Keep mouth clean by rinsing with a salt solution at least twice a day.
- Maintain oral hygiene routine and brush gently around the wound to speed up the healing process.
- Development of blue, black, or green discolouration is a result of tissue bruises and will disappear after 36 hours.
- Normal healing follows where there is discomfort during the first two days after surgery.
From the thirds day you feel comfortable even if there is swelling. If you experience stiff jaw muscles that hinder opening of the mouth, relax, as this is a postoperative procedure. Stretching of the muscles aids the resolution of this problem A If you feel sharp penetrations on the area of operation, they are bony walls that gave support to the extracted tooth. A If corners of the mouth are stretched, keep lips moist.
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